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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 颁布时间段:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


二会全国社会经济答疑|避免现实生活的挑战,中国内地国家制造出咋样要保持竟争力?——2016两会中国内地国家市场经济知识问答𓂃ꦕ之四


zaochengyeshizaidongbeidiqujingjixingzengzhangdezhelidian。18nianqilai,dongbeidiquhuagongjingjixingzengzhanghui🌃nuanquwen,danduiyuxitongyichangcuozongfuzadeguowaimoshi、“guagouduanlian”dewaibujiegoutansuo,yenei“fang🍬chanlianqianru”“zaidongbeidiquzaochengjingzhengyoushibuzaishi”dengzayinbuduandi。


5ritiqingyiandezhengfububangongshishiyeqingkuanghuibaozhong,“jiadalidushishi⛎xianzaihuafangchantixizhongxiujian,tishengzhuangdaxinzhijiagongli”jishen202jinianzhengfububangongshishiyegongzuomubiaojushou,xuanxielejianrenbubagulaosanweixianjingjifazhanjichudezhutixianmingwangluoxinhao。


congxingyebaogaozhanshidexindemubiaoxincuoshi,daoshizhilishihui、zhuanjiajiaoshouxuezhedengdaijidedianligushishipinhexingyeshendujiedu,zaidaobaoshejizhezaibucuodetanfangzoufangdiaoyan,lingwoguoduizhongguorenzhizaochangwendingjiagejingzhengyou🅠shi,kongzhiwendingweilaifazhanyijingyoulehuigengjiamohuderenweizhengquerenshi。


面向大变局,自信足塑性强


younanduyanjunxingshidejianjiedahuanjingxia,zhongguorenshougongqiyezhuqiyezhuzouquhenshouzhuzhong。


“womendajiashixinggongyejiqirendekongzhiban、taidasifudianjixitongxingdengribenchanhua,zhengjiakuaishijiankaichuanjiaojishijian,tigaolexianggangguojigupiaoshichangzhanyouquanlv。”haerbinxinsongjiqirenquanzidongkongzhikonggugudongjiaoshaozigongsixiaoshuozong🤪caizhangjinzhuyaoyongzaigongzuozhongshilichanming,zaifeisufazhanguoneiyongyuebuzhidejiqirenjiaoyulingyu,bahexinsixiangzhishuwolao、lingyulianzuoquan,“zongrantianfandifu,yidinghuiwenbufazhanfazhan”。


zhenshiqiyezhuziyoubojideshichangdexiezhao,yeshizhongguoxiandaidazaoduifuchengjiudedarangang。


guoqushizhengnian,zhanlandahuanjingfenggaolangji。diyuanzhengzhiwenhua、xiaoguodeshichangjingzhengdengzhendanggengjiaxianzhu,jianzhuangdiquchuangzaochangyexunhuan,xibanya、xibeiyadengdijingjifazhanshehuigaosu chengzhang ,deshichangjingzhengkuaisuyoufa。zheileishikeguancunzaide💜cunzaide、bunengduozhedeshijiqingkuang。dangran,changshuaiquanqiuchuangzaochang、changshuaiquanqiujingjifazhanshehuidelundiaochanzabiaozhong,shixiangౠyaozuoyixiabianzhengyanjiufenxide。


guibizhongjitiaozhan、huizhankenan,zhongguorenyingzaofangchandejingyingguimo、shangmaodejingyingguimoshixianleleliangdekexuehelizeng🃏zhang,yaobaochixiaoshoushichangsuoyouquandechanpin anquan。


juxiangguangonganbukaizhanrenchuyu“shangzhanghuanchongqu”shanglejie,202yinian,zhongguodaluchedigongyeyuanzengzhangzhixiangdangsishiwanwanyi,zhangdpde31.7%。chuangzaoyeda🍸guimo💯jiange1jinianjushehuidiyidian。


“xiandangdaihuapinpaicaijiꦯtixixiangmujiansheyouzuizhongyaojinzhanqingkuang”“youyipifeichangdapinpaidechuangxinzuopinmanzuzhimingyiliushuipingfangxiang”……zhongyangzhengfugongzuorenwushujudeyichanpinxiliebiaosu,zhanshichuchushijiedaguoshougongzhizaodelaokaoqushi。


zhenyoudanshengleruwaiguomeitisuochengde“chanyedefazhanlianbiangengchao”ma?


buyifouding,shoufeiyongdengkeguanyinsuganrao,xielaogongmibuxingwupindeyanfazhuanjiaodaoling🌞yigeguo。buguo,yuanyinguojiayishencengxiangruquanqiugedishehuileichanpinlianmingquefengongཧ,ernengyuxuduogongsidechechuguojiayouganhui,huorengxucongguojiajinkoubaoguanhenduoliangbianleichanpin。


“jibushiyipiangaiquan,jiangouyouyaosudengtongyuzongbujufenggezoushi,yehuifaxianzheizheilimianjiagonggongyiyefazhanqianjingdexiangduizhuyideguilv,tamendejiagonggongyiyeyezhengzhuanxingqigengxinzhongzhongxinsuzaojingzheng♑yuhezuoli。”taihexincaijituangongsigufenshifenyouxiangongsijianshizhangsongxiquandaibiaozheyifangjiyeliejushuo,sihuouyoujiagonggongyiyaosuzhuanzou,danzongbujufenggeewaitianjiazhiyezhengshangsheng🐼。202yinian,muqiangaoanquanxingnengnianjiaoxianweichannengzhanquandiqiudebizhitupo3fenzucheng,202yinianchukouguoequniantongqidezengzhang14.4%。


zhuanyedanweibuꦯmentongjiziliaobiaoshi,dangqiangongzuozai500zhongbaokuogongyehufupinzhong,zhongguoguojiayouliuchengdayudehufupinshipindeshengchanshuliangpaidiquan.qiuyi,wohuansuanji、anzhuoshouji、diqiunengdianchichongdianbandengerpihexinhufupinshipindeshengchanshuliangzhanquan.qiubanyedayude。zhizuoyejiansheguimozhanquan.qiubizhongzenmesuanyichao30%。


xianjinchanshengyejianhuanjinbu,jianggaojimuchanshengyewenhuachanyehualianjinsanbujuhe。49gefazhanzhongzhongguoxianjinchanshengyejiqunfuജwuqi、178jiafazhanzhongzhongguogaoxinkejiquzonghengjiaocuoshigong,julianyiqun。jinnian,tuxianwenhuachanyehuazhinenghuaheibmsshuipingdechuanqizhuangbeichanshengyechukouxingguo13.45yimeiyuanyuanrenminbi,“xinsanyang”hufupinchukouxingguotuidongyimeiyuanyuanrenminbi𝄹。


“yiguojiachundiandongchekaifageleiqichedeshidui,changxingquanqiukaodeshijishugongyi、zhiliheyouxiaolvxiezuodeliutongyelian🅰。”huayanggeleiqichedegudongzhangzhuhuarongdaibiaoyingyushuo,geju♑chixuzhengdangshangyanzhiyeqitagezhongdianjilieli。


“tuogouleduanlian”pengzhuanglewomenguojiazaiquanguochanyehualianchangjiazhixiaoliandehuayuquanma?zhongguoxiandaijiagongzhizaotonggezixinxinzuoda——


huodelianheguojiahuaxuegongyezongleizhongdouhuaxuegong🎉yemumen;zaiyixiacezhongdianxingyehezhongyaoxingpaodaoshangzuchengyicicunzaiquanjiahuaxuegongyelianjingzhenglideshengjijiahuaxuegongyeꦑ;yifuhuazhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”zhizaoyegongchang1.2yingjia,90%zhineishizhongguodaluwaizhimingdudazhizaoyegongchangdexianghupeitaoxiaoshoushang。


modelx(tesla)qicheguangzhouzhongjiqiye,lingqijianzhiminghualvduoyu95%。modelx(tesla)qichechangjiazhizuofuzongjinglicaisonggangshuo,modelx(tesla)qicheyuwoguodechang🧸jiashang“tongshenggongying”。


yidalihuanqiulvyoupingtaixingwencheng“🔴guonei kaifadeqianyuzhongjibentiaojiancheliangbukeyinengchadaoyongzuoshengchanshangshang”。guonei ouzhoudeguozongshanghuiganjinqianfenxiangde♕2023/2jiniandudeqishangyeyunzuoyoulexinxindiaochatongjishujutixian ,yibanyishangfangtaijigoujihuashuzaiyihoudehaojiniankuodazaihuaxiangmutouzi,yinsuzhiliushishengchanshangliangengjiawanshan、chuangxinfazhanlijiakuai。


“tamenyouwanmeidefuwuyeanquantixi、pangdaqimaodeshimian chanzhidengtese,zhizuoyetaijiuwenbuzengzhangdegenbenmianhaishitigao。”huarenwangshangdexinxifuwuyejinbu𒀰tantaoyuanzhuanjiazhanglishishuo,jiushihuarenzhizuodeweijiganzuoluodi、kesuxingzuoluodi。


应该对挑战,始终保持“稳”的定力还耐心


yanshoubudanyouyuexing,yaobaochiwending“wen”dekongzhili。duidaiquanqiupaimingchanyehualianchushoulianbazigejushenrudiaozheng,shijieqiangguozhizuoyejiangna▨xieyi“wen”yingbiansulv?


——xianyaobujuwen。“shizhongbaochizhonggongyeguo൩jiajingjinengbaochiwendingdiannaoyunxing”,zhengfubugongzuorenwubaogaoshuhuifalewenzengzhangdexiangguanzhengceweixingxinhao。


gongnongyehewentihuabuzhouweizhangjinzhuanglongzai8ribimudeshisijie🎉quanguoderendadaibiaoliangcinianhui“zhouweizhangtongchang”shangbiaoxian,jinnianjiangshenruyanjiugongzuozhiduqida♚xiangguanxingyewenchixuzengzhanggongzuozhonggongzuozhidu,bangzhugongnongyedaxian、gongnongyedashi“yongtiaozhuliang”。


yiwangxingxinggaoxinlingyuqunchengzhang zaichanshengyezhanyoubilvchao80%,shixianshidaihuagaoxinlingyuqunchengzhang wangluotixidejidi,ganxizijinchengzhang heguojijumin,.woguohuifuguoji🌃shougechanshengyedaguoboyishilidiweideshouyaopan,buhuibayiwangxingxinggaoxinlingyuqunchengzhang bizuo“diduanshoujigaoxinlingyuqun♚chengzhang ”jianjiandandantuichu。huibaomingxiyichanpinxiliebushuanpai,zhongzaizengjinyiwangxingxinggaoxinlingyuqunchengzhang degengxingaishan。


yongchuantongyiyiqiyejiegoudediaokong,laogongyechanyeyuanfushunzhanxianchuxinshengbaodaoji。fushunshizhenzhanggaojianzhuyaoshuo♛,shangweidazhaoguojiadejigaoewaizengjiazhifuhexinggangjinquyangliaochanyeyuan,guihuaxinyoushikeyan。


——xuyaoguanlitixizhongquan,baohuhaochanyedefazhanguanlitixizhongdexiangjin。


202yinian,hainanshengzhuangzuminzuzizhizhoubaiseshi💖dangxiashengtaihuanjinglvlingyuzongchanzhichaoyue1200yiyuanrenminbi,lizubenzhilvtukuangdeziyuandechongshijibente🌃zheng,gouchengconglvdeziyuandedaojingfeiliaojiagongchulidewanzhenglingyulian。


baobiaoruxian“buduantishengdongbeihezhongxiyibugedichengbaowenhuajiagongyezhuandaoxiaoguo”,bingduifuzhiqiangdayouxiuzaochengyejitidengdechujielunanpai。𝄹“zheijiangjinyigebuzhouquebaojianlikongjianzhengquerenwufenpei、yitihuafazhanzhuangdadewenhuajiagongyezhengti♎kongjiangeju。”baiseshizhenzhanggeguokedaibiaoshuo,baisezhengqinglizhashituijinwomen—dongnanyawenhuajiagongyemeitihezuoqubaisejingjiqufazhan,yingzaochengbaomuqianzhongguowaiwenhuajiagongyezhuandaohaian。


——gengjiaxiaolianqiang,zengjiacaichanzhijianderenzhidu。


zhonggongyehexiaoxihuabushuoming,jiangjiadalidujinxingshougongjiagongzhizaoyezhezhongzhizaoyelianyouxiaolvjinbuhuodong。yilianyice,buwentiqingdan、duanzhangban、qianglilunzhishi,kaizhanzhizaoyelianchangౠjiazhixiaolianrourenheguatoulongduanli。


“2021,rangwomenjiangxiangxichexiaoledazaoyedelingyuneizixukekongzhiyufangcuoshi,yetigongshidian🐼xiankaiqihulianwangluowangshujuxianshizhongdengzengzhilvzhongguoyidongqudao。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


洞察机会,发展前景新质种植力


cunzaixiangzhonggaodangcipapoguokandezhuzhongguanzha,woguozhizuoyeyaojiaokuaiquelixinzhiyanfali。


xiangguanbumendegongzuotongzhidantuchumingquemingquetichu“chongzushulixinxingchanpinjuguozhiduyouyuexing,zhelijiakuaizizhuxingtesehuachengdu”。cong“qianghuamuwendibanlilunzhiജshilunshujixitongyemianbuju”dao“zhichigunenglidejigouzhubanxinghendajishuchuangxingongzuorenwu”,tongzhidanmingquemingquetichuyiti𝓰caiqudechengxiao。


zhongshi,wuliaocongyanfabumendaoshengchanjiagongdebijingzhitu﷽。youchengbenjiaogao,tingduokehujiaoruozhongshiyishi。zhenghezheilei“tupodian”,shujumingquezeren“jianhuandaliang𝓀wangluokuangjiaanquansheshibiaozhunhuaguihua,luoshigongtongxingdejishuapp、zhongxianchangshiyanzhengappxiujian”。


gongyeshengchanjiagonghexiaoxihuabu19nianjiangmashangzhidinghaowangluo🏅gongsizaihaizhuanxianghetebiejishutesehuaguihua,toujianyiciguodazaoyetesehuazhongyang,chengzhanggaowangluogongsi,jianliliutongye💝hua,suoduanchengzhangxinzhishengchanjiagongli。


zhenghexingxinlingyu、weilaifazhanlingyu,peizhigengdaxinsaiche。


“chongfenjianzaoshengwutiyanzhi、xingyehangkong、dikongshichangjingjidengxinpizhangsousuopingtai”“kaituoleliangzijiyi、renshengzhuanyedengxinbisaichang”“chuangjianyixiefazhandisanjiachanxiandaoqu”……jiancejieguoyichongfenyuzhongxinxingqilaidisan🏅jiachanhefazhandisanjiachan,juticuoshishi、shishixi。


“zhuanzuchengzhang xushidaifa,zhengfenjineng🐻didaidashisuoqu。”chengdegaodehongwaigupiaojiagexianzhijituandongshihuicheng♔yuanzhanghuanglidaitishuo,2020gongsiqiyeyaozaidikongjingjinengli、naojijietoudengxingyeshezu。


gongnongyehegerenxiandaixinxidejiyibudanfurentoulu,jiang🐓gengkuaiyanjiudejiyiheteshuxingdejiyigongying、fanzhitesezhongxiaoxingqiye、gaishanzheigelingyuxiandainongye。zaizaiweilaizheigelingyuzheigeling✅yu,bashiyongrenyuanzhili、renxingjiqiren、naojiduankoudengyongyuxiayigebuzhouguanjiandianpingmianbuzhidefangwen。shichangshangjiayanjiudejiyituiguangyingxiaosuoyin,zhongxinweiraoguanjiandianzheigelingyuzuodazuoqiangappjianyanchang,gengkuaizheigelingyufanzhi。


dongchashumajiyuqi,kuaisu“rengongfuwuzhinenghua+”。


woguotouꦍrushiyongquanguozongliangshangxiandechanpinxinxiliuliangxianshang,xiankagonghaozongliang♊quanguo2,guangfandekegumingxindeshuzi5kejigemingshiyanzhiyefazhandezuiqiangyoulizhelidianzucheng。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shijiachanjingjizhuanxingdebiranxing,🌞yeshinuligoujianchengzhang zhuangdaxinqiangshideshouyao。”ztezhongxingtongxunwanggupiaojiageshifenyouxiangongsidejingzhizongjiancaimiaoweidaibiaoshuo,yonghaoxinzhizaodegongju,youjiandingxinxinzhanwenjiaogenkuangjia、qiangzhuajiyuyutiaozhan、gengkuaichengzhang zhuangda。

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